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Articles and Reports - Chronic Pain
Articles by International Authority on Chronic Pain, Developer of Pain Test

Nelson Hendler, MD, MS, is the author of three books about the diagnosis and management of chronic pain and over 30 chapters in various medical textbooks.  He wrote over 50 articles for medical journals, and his innovative work is reported in published outcome studies.

BOOKS:
  1. Hendler, N., Felton, J.A.:  Coping with Chronic Pain.  Clarkson N. Potter, New York, New York, 1979.
  2. Hendler, N.:  The Diagnosis and Non-Surgical Management of Chronic Pain.  Raven Press, New York, New York, 1981.
  3. Hendler, N., Long, D., Wise, T. (eds.):  Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Pain.  Wright-PSG Publishing Company, Inc., Littleton, Massachusetts, 1982
PUBLICATIONS:
  1. Hendler, N., Blake, W.D.:  "Hypothalamic Implants of     Angiotensin II, Carbachol, and Nor-epinephrine on  Water and NaCl Solution Intake in Rats." 

Communications in Behavioral Biology. Part A4, Nos. 1- 3, 
July/August/September, 1969. 

  1. Kerr, F.W., Hendler, N., Bowron, P.:  "Viscerotropic Organization of the Bagus."  The Journal of Comparative Neurology.  Vol. 138, No. 3, March, 1970. 
  2. Hendler, N.:  "Lithium Responsive Hyperaldosteronism in Manic Patients."  The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.  Vol. 161, No. 1:49-54, 1975. 
  3. Akesode, A., Hendler, N., Kowarski, A.:  "A 24-Hour Monitoring of the Integrated Plasma Concentration of Aldosterone and Cortisol in Manic Patients."  Psychoneuroendocrinology.  Vol. 1, pp. 419-429, 1976. 
  4. Hendler, N., Allen, G., Long, D., Uematsu, S.:  Letter to Editor- "Problems with Lithium as Treatment of Inappropriate ADH Secretion."  New England Journal of Medicine.  Vol. 294, No. 8:446, February 19, 1976. 
  5. Gehris, C.W., Hendler, N.:  "Myoclonus Presenting as a Pulsatile Neck Mass."  Transactions - American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology.  Vol. 84, No. 1:129-131, January/February, 1977. 
  6. Hendler, N., Derogatis, L., Avella, J., Long, D.:  "EMG Biofeedback in Patients with Chronic Pain."  Diseases of the Nervous System.  Vol. 38, No. 7:505-509, July, 1977.
  7. Hendler, N., Leahy, W.:  "Psychiatric and Neurological Sequelae of Infectious Mononucleosis."  American Journal of Psychiatry.  Vol. 135, No. 7:842-844, July, 1978.
  8. Hendler, N.:  "Spironolactone Prophylaxis in Manic Depressive Disease."  The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.  Vol. 166, No. 7:517-520, July, 1978.
  9. Hendler, N., Livingston, A.:  "The Localization Over Time of Exogenous Aldosterone and Angiotensin II in Various Organs."  Pavlovian Journal.  Vol. 13, No. 3:187-193, July/September, 1978. 
  10. Hendler, N., Wise, T., Lucas, M.J.:  "The Expanded Role of the Psychiatric Liaison Nurse."  Psychiatric Quarterly.  Vol. 51, No. 2:135-143, 1979. 
  11. Hendler, N., Viernstein, M., Gucer, P., Long, D.:  "A Preoperative Screening Test for Chronic Back Pain Patients."  Psychosomatics.  Vol. 20, No. 12:801-808, December, 1979. 
  12. Hendler, N.:  "Clinical Drug Trial Spironolactone for Premenstrual Syndrome."  The Female Patient.  Vol. 5, pp. 17-19, June, 1980. 
  13.  Hendler, N., Cimini, C., Ma, T., Long, D.:  "A Comparison of Cognitive Impairment Due to Benzodiazepines and to Narcotics."  The American Journal of Psychiatry.  Vol. 137, No. 7:828-830, July 1980. 
  14. Hendler, N., Fernandez, P.:  "Alternative Treatments for Patients with Chronic Pain."  Psychiatric Annals.  Vol. 10, No. 12:495-500, December, 1980.
  15. Uematsu, S., Hendler, N., Hungerford, D., Long, D., Ono, N.:  "Thermography and Electromyography in the Differential Diagnosis of Chronic Pain Syndromes and Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy."  Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology.  Vol. 21, pp.165-182, 1981.
  16. Hendler, N., Viernstein, M., Shallenberger, C., Long, D.: "Group Therapy with Chronic Pain Patients."  Psychosomatics. Vol. 22, No. 4:333-340, April, 1981.
  17. Hendler, N., Uematesu, S., Long, D.:  "Thermographic Validation of Physical Complaints in 'Psychogenic Pain' Patients."  Psychosomatics.  Vol. 23, No. 3, March, 1982. 
  18. Hendler, N.:  "Episodic Abdominal Pain."  The Female Patient.   Vol. 7, No. 6:79-80, June 1982. 
  19. Hendler, N.:  "The Anatomy and Psychopharmacology of Chronic Pain."  The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.  Vol. 43, No. 8, Sec. 2:15-21, August, 1982.
  20. Hendler, N., Fink, H., Long, D.:  "Myofascial Syndrome: Response to Trigger - Point Injections."  Psychosomatics. Vol. 24, No. 11:990-999, November, 1983. 
  21. Hendler, N., Staats, T.E.:  "Occupational and Psychosocial Stressors as Related to Health Problems: Implications for the Rehabilitation Counseling Process." Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling.  Vol. 15, No. 4:23-26, 1984. Hendler, N.:  "Depression Caused by Chronic Pain."  The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.  Vol. 45, No. 3, Sec. 2:30-36, March, 1984. 
  22. Hendler, N., Mollett, A., Viernstein, M., Schroeder, D., Rybock, J., Campbell, J., Levin, S., Long, D.:  "A Comparison  Between the MMPI and the 'Mensana Clinic Back Pain Test' for Validating the Complaint of Chronic Back Pain in Women."  Pain.  No. 23:243-251, 1985. 
  23. Hendler, N., Mollett, A., Viernstein, M., Schroeder, D., Rybock, J., Campbell, J., Levin, S., Long, D.:  "A Comparison Between the MMPI and the 'Hendler Back Pain Test' for Validating the Complaint of Chronic Back Pain in Men."  The Journal of Neurological & Orthopaedic Medicine & Surgery.  Vol. 6, Issue 4:333-337, December, 1985. 
  24. Dellon, A.L., Hendler, N., Hopkins, J.E.T., Karas, A.C., Campbell, J.N.:  "Team Management of Patients with Diffuse Upper Extremity Complaints."  Maryland Medical Journal.  Vol. 35, No. 10:849-852, October, 1986. 
  25. Hendler, N., Filtzer, D., Talo, S., Panzetta, M., Long, D.:  "Hysterical Scoliosis Treated with Amobarbital Narcosynthesis."  The Clinical Journal of Pain.  Vol. 2, No. 3:179-182, 1987. 
  26. Hendler, N., Mollett, A., Talo, S., Levin, S.:  "A Comparison Between the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and the 'Mensana Clinic Back Pain Test' for Validating the Complaint of Chronic Back Pain."  Journal of Occupational Medicine.  Vol. 30, No. 2:98-102, February, 1988. 
  27. Long, D., Filtzer, D., BenDebba, M., Hendler, N.:  "Clinical Features of the Failed-Back Syndrome."  Journal of Neurosurgery.  Vol. 69, pp. 61-71, July, 1988.
  28. Talo, S., Hendler, N., Brodie, J.:  "Effects of Active and Completed Litigation on Treatment Results: Workers' Compensation Patients Compared with Other Litigation Patients."  Journal of Occupational Medicine.  Vol. 31, No. 3:265-269, March, 1989. 
  29. Empting-Koschorke, L.D., Hendler, N., Kolodny, A.L., Kraus, H.:  "When Pain is Intractable."  Patient Care. Vol. 23, No. 11:107-125, June 15, 1989. 
  30. Empting-Koschorke, L.D., Hendler, N., Kolodny, A.L., Kraus, H.:  "Chronic Pain: Using Medication Wisely."  Patient Care.  Vol. 23, No. 20:16-26, December 15, 1989. 
  31. Empting-Koschorke, L.D., Hendler, N., Kolodny, A.L., Kraus, H.:  "Nondrug Management of Chronic Pain."  Patient Care.  Vol. 24, No. 1:165-185, January 15, 1990. 
  32. Empting-Koschorke, L.D., Hendler, N., Kolodny, A.L., Kraus, H.:  "Tips on Hard-to-Manage Pain Syndromes."  Patient Care.  Vol. 24, No. 8:26-46, April 30, 1990. 
  33. Hendler, N., Kozikowski, J., Schlesinger, R., Schlesinger, J.:  "Diagnosis and Treatment of Muscle Tension Headaches."  Pain Management.  Vol. 4, No. 2:33-41, March/April, 1991. 
  34. Hendler, N.:  "Spironolactone for the Treatment of Premenstrual Tension Syndrome."  Maryland Medical Journal.  Vol. 40, No. 11:1003-1009, November, 1991.
  35. Hendler, N., Zinreich, J., Kozikowski, J.:  "Three- Dimensional CT Validation of Physical Complaints in  `Psychogenic Pain Patients."   Psychosomatics.  Vol.34, No. 1:90-96, January/February, 1993. 
  36. Hendler,N.,Kozikowski,J.:" Overlooked Physical Diagnoses   in Chronic Pain Patients Involved in Litigation."   Psychosomatics.Vol.34,No.6:494-501,      November/December, 1993.
  37. Hendler, N.:  "Skin Lesions Occurring in Clients with  Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome."  Journal of  Neuroscience in Nursing.Vol. 26, No. 6:342-346, December, 1994.
  38. Hendler,N.,Kozikowski, J., Morrison, C., Sethuraman,G.:   "Diagnosis and Management of Sacroiliac Joint Disease."   Journal of the Neuromusculoskeletal System.Vol. 3,  No.4:169-174, Winter, 1995. 
  39. 41. Hendler, N., Jamison, R., Morrison, C., Piper, J., Kahn, Z.:  "The Relationship of Diagnoses and Weather Sensitivity in Chronic Pain Patients."  Journal of the Neuromusculoskeletal System.  Vol. 3, No. 1:10-15, Spring, 1995. 
  40.  Hendler, N., Cashen, A., Morrison, C., Long, D., Holliday, M.:  "Divalproex Sodium and Other Medications for Headache Following Craniotomy for Acoustic Neuroma." Headache.  Vol. 35, pp. 490-493, September, 1995. 
  41. Hendler, N., Bergson, C., Morrison, C.:  "Overlooked Physical Diagnoses in Chronic Pain Patients Involved in Litigation, Part 2."  Psychosomatics.  Vol. 37, No.6:  509-517, November/December, 1996.
  42. Stanton-Hicks, M., Baron, R.,Boas, R., Gordh, T.,  Harden,N., Hendler, N., Koltzenburg, M., Raj, P.,   Wilder,R.:"Complex Regional Pain Syndromes:  Guidelines   For Therapy."  The Clinical Journal of Pain,  Philadelphia,14: 155-166, 1998.
  43. Rothbart,P.,Fiedler,K.,Gale, G. Nussbaum,D,Hendler,  N.: "A Descriptive Study of 100 Patients Undergoing  Palliative Nerve Blocks for Chronic Intractable Headache and Neck Ache."  Pain Research and Management. 2000. (in press)
  44. Raj, P., Chado, H., Angst, M., Heavner, J., Dotson, R.,Brandstater, M., Johnson, B., Parris, W., Finch,  P.,Shahani, B.,Dhand, U., Mekhail, N., Daoud, E.,  Hendler,N., Somerville, J., Wallace, M., Panchal, S.,  Glusman, S., Jay, G., Palliyath, S., Longton, W.,  Irving,G."Painless Electrodiagnostic Current   Perception Threshold and Pain Tolerance Threshold  Values in CRPS Subjects and Healthy Controls:  A  Multicenter Study." Pain Practice. Vol. 1, No. 1:  53- 60, March, 2001. 
  45. Hendler, N.:  "The Misdiagnosed Chronic Pain Patient  and How to Get an Accurate Diagnosis."  Journal of  Legal Nursing. 2002. (in press)
  46.  Hendler, N.:  "Differential Diagnosis of Complex  Regional Pain Syndrome."  Pan Arab Journal of  Neurosurgery. Oct., 2002 pp. 1-9.Long, D, Davis, R, Speed, W, and Hendler, N, Fusion   For Occult Post-Traumatic Cervical Facet Injury, Submitted 2003. 
  47. Hendler, N, Patients and Chronic Pain, Md. Med., Autumn, 4(4): 7, 2003. 
  48. Hendler, N. Overlooked Diagnoses in Electric Shock  And Lightning Strike Survivors, Journal of  Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 47, No. 8, pp. 796-805, Aug. 2005. 
  49. Hendler, N and Romano, T. Acromclavicular joint  impingement, thoracic outlet syndrome, internal disc disruption, Lymes disease, and nerve entrapments   misdiagnosed as fibromyalgia, Submitted 2005. 
  50. Hendler, N, Cashen, A, Hendler, S, Brigham, C,  Osborne, P, LeRoy, P.,Graybill, T, Catlett, L.,  Gronblad, M. A Multi-Center Study for Validating The   Complaint of Chronic Back and Limb Pain Using "The  Mensana Clinic Pain Validity Test."  Forensic  Examiner, Vol. 14, # 2, pp. 41-49, Summer 2005 

INVITED ARTICLES:
1. Hendler, N.:  "Chronic Pain Patients:  Diagnosis and  Treatment."  Grand Rounds as a continuing medical education  program at St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center in New  York - prepared under a grant from Schering Corporation, 1979.
2. Hendler, N.:  "Chronic Pain Patients:  Screening and    Classification."  Audio Digest.  Vol. 8, No. 5:Side A and  Side B, March 12, 1979.
3. Hendler, N.:  "Use of Analgesic and Psychotropic Drugs   for Chronic Pain of Benign Origin."  Contemporary    Neurosurgery.  Vol. 3, Lesson 19:1-5, 1981.
4. Hendler, N.:  "Pharmacological Treatment of Anxiety and   Mania."  Audio Digest.  Vol. 10, No. 12:Side A and B,    July 13, 1981.
5. Hendler, N.:  "Chronic Pain and Litigation."  Pain   Management - Guest Editorial.  pp. 65-66, March/April, 1989
6.  Hendler, N.:  "Return-to-Work Barriers:  How To Overcome 
Them." The Journal of Workers Compensation.  Vol. 4, No. 4:9- 20, Summer, 1995.

7.  Hendler, N.:  "Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy:  Clearing Up the Misconceptions." The Journal of Workers Compensation. Vol. 5,  No. 1:9-20, Fall, 1995.
..
8. Hendler, N.:  "Chronic Back Pain:  Which Test is the Best?  
The Journal of Workers Compensation.  Vol. 6, No. 1:24-31, Fall, 1996.
9.  Hendler, N.:  "Skyrocketing Insurance Costs and Lost  Productivity:New Tools for Reducing Liabilities."  Risk   Management.  July, 1997.
10. Hendler, N.: "Differential Diagnosis of RSD versus Other Disorders." The Pain Practitioner. Vol. 10, No. 2: 6-9,  Summer, 2000. 
 
CHAPTERS:
1. Hendler,N.: "Lithium Pharmacology and Physiology."  
Handbook of Psychopharmacology.  Sec. 3:233-392, eds. Iverson L.L., Iverson, S.D., Snyder , S.H., Plenum Press, New York, 1978.
2. Hendler, N.:  "Executive Stress."  Stress, De Grands Specialistes Respondent.  pp. 116-117, ed. Bensabat, S., Hachette, Paris & Evreux (Eure), 1980. 
3. Hendler, N., Rosch, P.:  "Practical Therapies for Stress Management."  Health Promotion:  Principles & Clinical Applications.  Chap. 14:432-474, ed. Taylor, R., Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1981. 
4. Hendler, N.:  "Psychiatric Consideration of Pain."  Neurological Surgery (2nd Edition).  Chap. 114, ed. Youmans, J., Saunders and Company, Philadelphia, 1981. 
5.  Hendler, N.:  "Benzodiazepines: Mechanism of Action and Appropriate Use."  Life Stress - A Companion to the Life Sciences.  Vol. 3, ed. Day, S., Van Nostrant Reinhold, New York, 1982.
6. Hendler, N.:  "Group Therapy - A Specific Model."  Chronic Pain:  Psychosocial Factors in Rehabilitation.  Chap. 9, eds. Roy, R., Tunks, E., Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1982. 
7. Hendler, N.:   "Medical Applications of Biofeedback:  With a Theoretical Background."  Life Stress - A Companion to the Life Sciences.  Vol. 3, ed. Day, S., 
Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1982.
..
8. Hendler, N., Long, D., Viernstein, M.:  "Rehabilitation of the Patient Suffering from Chronic Pain."  Rehabilitation of the Neurological Patient.  ed. Sedwick, R.G., Blackwells Medical Publications, 1982.
9.  Hendler, N.:  "The Stress of Chronic Pain."  Life Stress - A Companion to the Life Sciences.  Vol. 3, ed. Day, S., Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1982. 
10. Hendler, N.:  "Hendler Screening Test for Chronic Back Pain Patients."  Innovations in Clinical Practice:  A Source Book.  eds. Keller, P.A., Ritt, L.G., Professional Resource Exchange, 1983. 
11. Hendler, N.:  "Chronic Pain."  Helping Patients and Their Families Cope with Medical Problems:  A Guide to Therapeutic Group Work in Clinical Settings.  Chap. 4, ed. Roback, H., Jossey-Bass, Inc., San Francisco, 1984.
12. Hendler, N.:  "The Chronic Pain Patient."  Manual of Psychiatric Consultation and Emergency Care.  Chap. 24:233-241, eds. Guggenheim, F.G., Weiner, M.P., Jason Aronson, Inc., New York, 1984.
13. Hendler, N.:  "Drug Therapy of Chronic Pain."  Neurosurgery.  Chap. 316:2374-2381, eds. Rengachary, S.S., Wilkins, R.H., McGraw Hill, Inc., New York, 1985. 
14. Hendler, N.:  "The Psychodynamics of Chronic Pain."  The Management of Chronic Pain Syndrome:  A Primer for the Practicing Physician.  eds. Black, P., Oaks, W., Grune and Stratton, 1986.
15. Hendler, N.:  "Infectious Mononucleosis and Psychiatric Disorders."  Viruses, Immunity, and Mental Disorders.  Chap. 40:81-94, eds. Kurstak, E., Lipowski, Z.J., Morozov, Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, 1987. 
16. Hendler, N.:  "Validating and Treating the Complaint of Chronic Back Pain: The Mensana Clinic Approach."  Clinical Neurosurgery.  Vol. 35, Chap. 20:385-397, eds.  Black, P., Alexander, E., Barrow, D., et. al., Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1988. 
17. Hendler, N., Talo, S.:  "Chronic Pain Patients Versus the Malingering Patient."  Current Therapy of Pain.  Chap.2:14-22, eds. Foley, K., Payne, B.C. Decker, Inc., Toronto, Philadelphia, 1989. 
18. Hendler, N.:  "Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy and Causalgia."  Handbook of Chronic Pain Management.  Chap. 37, ed. Tollison, C.D., Williams and Wilkens, Baltimore, 1989. 
19. Hendler, N., Talo, S.:  "The Role of the Pain Clinic." Current Therapy of Pain.  Chap. 2:14-22, eds. Foley, K., Payne, B.C. Decker, Inc., Toronto, Philadelphia, 1989.
20. Hendler, N.:  "The Psychiatrist's Role in Pain Management."  Innovations in Pain Management.  Chap. 6, ed. Weiner, R.S., Paul M. Deutsch Press, Orlando, 1990.
27. Hendler, N.:  "Psychotherapy of Chronic Pain 
Patients," Anesthesiologists Guide for Pain Management.  Chap.  30, ed. Warfield, C., The Kluwer Company, 1990. 
22. Raja,S.N and Hendler, N.:  "Sympathetically Maintained Pain."  Current Practice in Anesthesiology (2nd Edition).  pp. 421-425, ed. Rogers, M., Mosby-Year Book, Inc., Philadelphia, 1990.
23. Hendler, N.:  "Psychotheraphy."  Principles and Practice of Pain Management.  Chap.  34:455-465, ed.  Warfield, C.A., McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1993.
24. Hendler, N., Raja, S.N.:  "Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy and Causalgia."  Handbook of Chronic Pain Management (2nd Edition).  Chap. 39:484-496, ed. Tollison, C.D., Williams and Wilkens, Baltimore, 1994.

25. Hendler, N.:  "Pain Clinics."  Pain Management Secrets.  Chap. 41, ed. Kanner, R., Hanley & Belfus, Inc., Philadelphia, 1997. 
26. Hendler, N.:  "Pharmacotherapy of Chronic Pain."  Neurosurgical Management of Pain.  Chap.  9:117-129, ed.  North, R., Levy, R., Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997.
27.  Hendler, N.:  "Psychological and Psychiatric Aspects of    Pain."  Neurosurgical Management of Pain.  Chap. 
     2:22-36, ed. North, R., Levy, R., Springer-Verlag, New      York, 1997.
28.  Hendler, N.: Pharmacological Management of Pain,  Chapter 12 in Practical Management of Pain,pp. 145-155,  Third edition, P. Prithvi  Raj Editor, Mosby, St Louis,  2000.

30.  Hendler, N.: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Type I and II, Chapter 20, in Pain Management, sixth edition,  Richard Weiner, Editor, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2002.

31. Hendler, N.:"The Psychiatrist's Role in Pain  Management."  Pain Management:  A Practical Guide for  Clinicians.  Sixth Edition. Chap. 26: 295-308, ed. Weiner, R., CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2001.
32.  Manson, P and Hendler, N,: Post Traumatic Facial Pain, in Plastic Surgery, edited by S. Mathes, Elsevier,  Philadelphia, 2003.

AND THERE'S MORE ...